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Collaboration is the management mode of supply chain management

in supply chain management, the concept of collaboration is: different economic entities work together to share processes, technologies and data to maximize the value of the whole supply chain and the customers they serve

the original English meaning of collaboration is: working together. Obviously, it does not mean being limited within a company. In supply chain management, the concept of collaboration is that different economic entities work together to share processes, technologies and data to maximize the value of the whole supply chain and the customers they serve. What should be emphasized here is "different economic entities", that is, the upstream and downstream partners of the enterprise. When we say that ERP is "breaking the four walls of the enterprise and managing the entire supply and demand chain", the management mode at this time is collaborative commerce. In other words, the management mode of supply chain management is collaborative commerce. Only through collaboration can supply and demand be synchronized and balanced; Can quickly respond to changes in the market and the internal and external environment, and make correct contingency decisions without missing the opportunity

in Cohen, shoshanah Strategic supply chain management, 2005, talks about four levels of collaboration, namely:

1 transaction collaboration (TRA the total investment of the center has added nano ink with specific nano particles for color printing, with a total investment of nearly 40million yuan). It is the lowest level of collaboration, aimed at improving efficiency, such as formulating the gb13545 (2) 003 agreement on pricing sintered hollow bricks and hollow blocks. Basically, it belongs to manual operation (e-mail, telex)

2 cooperative collaboration

generally refers to one-way release or access of information, such as release of forecast, inventory or order information, and automatic commitment or confirmation. Adopt EDI or information portal

3 coordinated collaboration

further realize the two-way exchange of information and the coordination of mutual capabilities, such as vendor managed inventory (VMI), VPN, extranet and other information instruments. The application of single chip microcomputer also has powerful data processing functions: it can not only measure the smoothness value of a single sample, but also automatically store the technology

4 synchronized collaboration

is the highest level of collaboration, such as collaborative product development (CPC) and demand driven supply planning. Supply and demand parties transfer information synchronously, adopting enterprise application system integration (EAI) or the same application system

which collaboration level is adopted has a certain relationship with the number of collaboration objects, as shown in Figure 1

Figure 1 Relationship between collaboration levels and collaboration objects

it goes without saying that collaboration cannot be achieved without the support of information technology. Recently, great attention has been paid to the integration of different application systems in the world. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is produced under the background of this requirement

in addition to information technology support, another important factor is culture. We might as well call it "collaborative culture" for the time being, which is expressed in 32 words, namely:

mutual adherence to credit, mutual consultation on goals, complementary advantages, benefit sharing,

information exchange, mutual assistance in difficulties, risk sharing and long-term cooperation

without establishing a collaborative culture, it is difficult to realize Collaborative Commerce even with the support of information technology

gartner's definition of ERP II in 2000 is inconsistent with its definition of ERP in 1990. This is because the definition of ERP was very advanced at that time. In the 1990s, no software vendor could achieve it all on its own. However, in order to pursue fashion or business purposes, many software vendors prematurely changed the name of MRP II software that has not yet reached the ERP standard to ERP, confusing the original definition of ERP, making people mistakenly think that ERP is a system "facing the internal management of enterprises". So in 2000, we had to come up with an ERP II to distinguish the so-called "ERP" that was mistaken for "enterprise internal management". However, a positive element of ERP II is the concept of "collaboration", which should be affirmed at this time. (end)

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