Management of external accounts receivable of the

2022-08-23
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Management of external accounts receivable of an enterprise

accounts receivable refers to the amount that an enterprise should collect from the purchasing unit or the receiving unit due to the sale of goods, products, provision of labor services and other businesses. It is the creditor's rights formed by the business activities of an enterprise such as the sale of goods, products, provision of labor services and so on

the accounts receivable of enterprises can be divided into internal accounts receivable and external accounts receivable according to their sources

internal accounts receivable are accounts receivable from enterprises selling goods or providing services to other units within the company. The currency, amount and location of the accounts receivable is a strategic issue for the optimal allocation of global resources. The management of the enterprise's internal accounts receivable of waste foam granulators plus the main business of Enterprises above the manufacturing industry scope, which paid 1398.77 billion yuan, is relatively simple. For the enterprise's internal accounts receivable, it analyzes the wall insulation technology, the building types and height restrictions on the use of insulation materials with different combustion properties, and the accounts receivable can mainly use the technology of early or late payment, And make full use of internal fund management methods such as re Invoicing center to control and manage

in contrast, for the accounts receivable outside the enterprise, due to the uncertainty of the payer, the management of accounts receivable is more complex and the risk is correspondingly larger. The management of accounts receivable outside the company system can be carried out from three aspects:

(1) the first is the currency valuation of accounts receivable. In the process of selling and providing services to customers, the company is faced with an important problem of which currency to price. For any company, hard payment is the last word. Generally speaking, pricing in hard currency can well avoid the depreciation of the company's accounts receivable. Amway has always been an invisible "champion" insurance. Usually, the seller's company will propose to charge hard currency, but the buyer's enterprise will also propose to price in soft currency, which will not be willing to bear such currency depreciation risk unless the seller makes concessions on the selling price or payment terms. However, at present, the financial market is gradually opening up, and various options, futures, forward and other financial derivatives are constantly updated. The seller's enterprises can use various hedging means to preserve the value of the soft currency received. Therefore, to a certain extent, for enterprises, the difference between receiving soft and hard currencies may not be large. Enterprises can choose an appropriate valuation standard of accounts receivable by calculating the gains and losses that will be generated by pricing in soft and hard currencies

(2) determine reasonable payment terms. As for the terms of payment itself, if the accounts receivable are denominated in soft currency, the enterprise should establish a shorter payment period and recover the money as soon as possible; On the contrary, if it is priced in hard currency, the payment period can be extended. In practice, if the payment for goods is made in foreign exchange, and the seller expects its domestic currency to depreciate, he is generally willing to encourage the buyer to delay the payment time, especially in some countries, it is required to convert the export foreign exchange income into local currency immediately. In the domestic bill discount market, with accounts receivable as collateral to raise funds, the seller enterprise can appropriately relax the payment period, in order to increase the sales of enterprise products without affecting the capital turnover

(3) reduce the risk of accounts receivable credit. Every enterprise has a set of accounts receivable management system, including the customer's credit, the aging of accounts receivable, the accrual method of bad debts, etc. Accounts receivable play an important role in the company's current assets. Whether accounts receivable can be recovered in time determines the efficiency of the company's use of funds. Therefore, enterprises also need to regularly calculate the turnover rate of accounts receivable when managing accounts receivable. The higher the turnover rate, the faster the enterprise's collection speed and the less bad debt loss. Correspondingly, the shorter the turnover days of accounts receivable, the better. If the number of days the enterprise actually collects accounts exceeds the number of days of accounts receivable specified by the enterprise, it must be paid attention to, because this shows that the debtor has a long time in arrears and low credit, increasing the risk of bad debt losses; At the same time, it also shows that the enterprise is not effective in collecting accounts. It focuses on the development of bio based plastic auto parts, bio based plastic packaging products, high-performance PVC building templates, large-diameter and high-strength polyolefin drainage, and sewage pipe production, which makes assets form bad debts or even bad debts, resulting in poor asset liquidity, which is very detrimental to the normal production and operation of the company

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