Management law that benefits the most from life

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Benefit lifelong management law

1, Peter's principle

every organization is composed of various positions, grades or hierarchies, and everyone belongs to one of them. Peter's principle is a conclusion drawn by the American scholar rouse Peter after studying the relevant phenomena of personnel promotion in Organizations: in various organizations, employees always tend to be promoted to their incompetent positions. Peter's principle is sometimes called the principle of climbing up. This phenomenon is everywhere in real life: a competent professor who is promoted to President of a university is incompetent; An excellent athlete was promoted to an official in charge of sports without doing anything. For an organization, once a considerable number of personnel are pushed to their incompetent level, it will lead to overstaffing, inefficiency, mediocrity and stagnation of development. Therefore, this requires changing the promotion mechanism of enterprise employees that only determine promotion based on their contributions. It is not possible to infer that a person must be qualified for a higher-level position because he or she is good at driving the plotter cylinder to rotate and output the recording paper. Promoting an employee to a position where he can't give full play to his talents is not only not a reward for himself, but also makes him unable to give full play to his talents and brings losses to the enterprise

2. The law of wine and sewage

the law of wine and sewage refers to pouring a spoonful of wine into a bucket of sewage to get a bucket of sewage; If you pour a spoonful of sewage into a bucket of wine, you will still get a bucket of sewage. In any organization, there are almost a few difficult people, whose purpose seems to be to make things worse. The worst thing is that they are like rotten apples in the fruit box. If they are not handled in time, it will quickly infect and destroy other apples in the fruit box. The terrible thing about rotten apples is its amazing destructive power. An honest and capable person entering a chaotic department may be swallowed up, while an unscrupulous and talented person can quickly turn an efficient department into a mess. Organizational systems are often fragile, based on mutual understanding, compromise and tolerance, and are easy to be infringed and poisoned. Another important reason for the extraordinary ability of saboteurs is that it is easier to destroy than to build. A donkey can destroy the ceramic ware carefully made by a craftsman in a second. If there is such a donkey in an organization, no matter how many skilled craftsmen there are, there will not be much decent work results. If there is such a donkey in your organization, you should remove it immediately. If you are unable to do so, you should tie it up

3. Bucket law

bucket law is about how much water a bucket can hold, which completely depends on the shortest piece of wood. That is to say, any organization may face a common problem, that is, each part of the organization is often uneven, and the inferior part often determines the level of the whole organization. The bucket law is different from the law of wine and sewage. The latter discusses the destructive power in the organization. The shortest board is a useful part of the organization, but it is worse than other parts. You can't throw them away as rotten apples. Strength and weakness are only relative and cannot be eliminated. The question is to what extent you tolerate this weakness. If it is serious enough to become a bottleneck in the process of reducing work, you have to take action

4. Matthew effect

there is a story in the gospel of Matthew in the New Testament: before a long journey, a king gave three servants a Ding each, and said: you go to do business, and when I come back, you will see me again. When the king came back, the first servant said: Master, I have earned 10 ingots of the silver you gave me. So the king rewarded him with 10 cities. The second servant reported: Master, I have earned 5 Ding for the one Ding silver you gave me. So the king rewarded him with five cities. The third servant reported: Master, I've been wrapped in my handkerchief for fear of losing the 1 Ding silver you gave me, and I haven't taken it out. So the king ordered that the third servant's 1 Ding of silver should be rewarded to the first servant, saying, "whoever is less, even what he has, should also be taken away.". If there is more, give it to him, and call him more, the better. This is the Matthew effect, which reflects a common phenomenon in today's society, that is, the winner takes all. For the business development, Matthew effect tells us that if we want to maintain an advantage in a certain field, we must quickly expand in this field. When you become a leader in a certain field, even if the return on investment is the same, you can easily obtain greater benefits than your weak peers. If you don't have the strength to quickly expand in a certain field, you should keep looking for new development fields in order to ensure a better return

5, zero sum game principle

zero sum game refers to a game in which players win and lose, and the total score of the game is always zero. The reason why zero sum game principle is widely concerned is that people can find a situation similar to zero sum game in all aspects of society, and the bitterness and bitterness of the loser are often hidden behind the glory of the winner. In the 20th century, mankind experienced two world wars, rapid economic growth, scientific and technological progress, global integration and increasingly serious environmental pollution. The concept of zero sum game is gradually being replaced by the concept of win-win. People began to realize that profit does not have to be based on harm. A happy ending is possible through effective cooperation. However, moving from zero sum game to win-win requires all parties to have the spirit and courage of sincere cooperation. In cooperation, don't be clever, don't always want to take advantage of others, and abide by the rules of the game. Otherwise, a win-win situation is impossible, and the final loser is the collaborator himself

6. Washington cooperation law

Washington cooperation law says that one person is perfunctory, two people shirk each other, and three people will never get things done. It is somewhat similar to the story of our three monks. The cooperation between people is not a simple addition of manpower, but much more complex and subtle. In this kind of cooperation, assuming that everyone's ability to meet the growth demand of the Chinese market is 1, the cooperation result of 10 people is sometimes much larger than 10, and sometimes even smaller than 1. Because people are not static objects, but more like energy in different directions. When they push each other, they will naturally get twice the result with half the effort. When they collide with each other, they will achieve nothing. In our traditional management theory, there is not much research on cooperation

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